HTML – HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE OF HIPERTEXT MARKING
Most of the modern Internet technologies are based on the long-used, most discussed HTML language. It was designed to perform markup and paperwork placed on web pages. The first features of the language began to take in 1986. The impetus was the adoption of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ISO-8879-standard – Standard Generalized Markup Language or, in a shortened version – SGML. Attached to it was a description stating that SGML was intended for structural markup of the text.
Based on this, it can be concluded that SGML was not a system for marking text and did not have any list of structural elements of the language used in certain conditions. The language implied a description of the syntax of writing the main markup elements. After some time, they received a well-known name today – “tags.”
The need to create a language that:
Described which element in which cases it is reasonable to apply
Contained a list of elements with which you can create a document readable by different programs
Despite the fact that SGML, like its similar applications, did not receive much development, it was not completely forgotten. In 1991, the European Institute for Particle Physics announced the need to develop a mechanism to transmit hypertext information through the Global Network. SGML formed the basis of the future language – Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML).
Stages of formation.
About forty tags contained HTML version 1.2. There was also no description of the physical presentation of the documents. Like its progenitor SGML, it was primarily focused on the logical and structural markup of the text. However, a certain hint at how the page will be physically presented, a number of tags nevertheless did.
The development of HTML version 2.0 took up the W3C consortium. The first result was obtained, after a year of intensive work – in 1995. Almost simultaneously discussed the possibility of version 3.0. If the second version can not be called significantly different from the first, then the third was an unconditional breakthrough.
HTML 3.0 included interesting news:
Markup of mathematical formulas
Tags to create pages
Inserting images, streamlined text
However, this was not enough, the need for visual design of hypertext pages became more and more urgent. Then, W3C started to create a standalone system, while not contrary to the basics of HTML, but allowing to describe the visual design of documents. The result was the emergence of CSS – Cascading Style Sheets, hierarchical style specifications, endowed with a unique syntax, structure, tasks.
But let’s not get ahead of ourselves and go back to HTML. A significant tag expansion occurred at the behest of Netscape Communications, the corporation that launched the first commercial browser, Netscape Navigator. Innovations pursued only one goal – to improve the appearance of the document, but they completely contradicted the original principles of the language.
HTML version 3.2 created in the shortest possible time. It was focused on Microsoft Internet Explorer. Until recently, this version of HTML was the only standard language in the development of Internet projects. Nevertheless, the direction is developing very actively, with the help of HTML it was possible to impart a certain orderliness to the elements of the markup of all browsers, but the capacity of the language was not enough.
In 2004, a new version of HTML was adopted – 4.01. It provides excellent cross-browser and cross-platform performance.
Why is CSS increasingly used today? Because HTML, in spite of its significantly expanded since the creation of the opportunity, remains the language of the logical hypertext markup, i.e. not related to the design of the document. Modern Internet standards involve creating bright and memorable pages, so webmasters are increasingly using CSS. Can I put an end to the history of HTML? The answer to this question will be rather positive, but the language will not disappear completely, because It is the basis of many other systems.